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John F. Kennedy MCJROTC

Introduction to Drill

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The Purpose of Drill:
--To move a unit from one place to another in a standard, orderly manner. In other words, moving an element from point A to point B.
--To teach discipline by developing habits of precision and automatic response to orders.
--To increase the confidence of junior officers and NCOs through the exercise of command, by the giving of proper commands and by control of drilling troops.
--To give troops an opportunity to handle individual weapons.
 
Drill Terms:
Element--an individual, squad, platoon, company, or other unit which is part of a larger unit
 
Formation--the arrangement of elements of a unit in line or column formation; the two types of formations are the only formations used in the USMCJROTC program.
 
Line--a formation in which the elements are placed on each other in a line (aligned with the squad leader).
 
Column--a formation in which the elements are placed one behind the other (covered behind the squad leader).
 
Rank--an element of a line formation; a line of cadets, side by side.
 
File--an element of column formation; a column of cadets, one behind the other.
 
Depth--the distance from head to the rear of an element or formation (The depth of a cadet is about 12 inches).
 
Front--the space occupied by an element or a formation, measured from one flank to the other.
 
Distance--the distance from back to chest should always be 40 inches ("an arm and a cover[or six inches]").
 
Interval--the space between elements(Cadets) on the same line; normal interval is one arm's length frm shoulder to shoulder; close interval is an elbow measured with the left hand on the left hip.
 
Alignment--the dressing of several elements in a straight line.
 
Base--the element on which movement is regulated.
 
Guide--the individual, or base, that a formation of elements align to. To guide: to regulate interval, direction, or alignment; to regulate cadence on the base file.
 
Center--the middle of point or element of a unit.
 
Head--the leading element of a column
 
Pace--the length of a full step at quick time-30 inches.
 
Step--the distance from heel to heel between the feet of a marching cadet.
     at half step & back step-15 inches
     at right & left steps-12 inches
     at quick time-30 inches
     at double time-36 inches
 
Cadence--the rhythmic rate of march at a uniform step.
 
Quick Time--the normal cadence for drill and ceremonies at 120 steps per minute.
 
Double Time--cadence at 180 steps per minute.
 
Piece--an individual firearm, such as a rifle, carbine, or automatic rifle.
 
Snap--a motivating quality of commands or signals that gets a quick reaction; a quick and precise execution of a movement in drill.

Commands
--The two types of commands are the preparatory command (the part if a command given before a movement is made) and the command of execution (the second part if a comand that is given when a movement is to be made).
--The preparatory command should start as the normal level of talking voice and become louder. (Stressing vowels helps.)
--The command of execution should have a higher pitch and be delivered with a snap so that it will be a quick & sharp response.
--In combined commands, the prepatory command and command of execution are combined. They should be delivered as a command of execution. There are three: FALL IN, AT EASE, and REST.
--Only two commands use unit designation (for a detail, squad, platoon, company, etc.) are ATTENTION and HALT.
 
General Rules
--AS YOU WERE cancels a movement that was started but not completed. Troops response by continuing what the were doing before the previous command was given.
--A change of direction of a column formation can only be made with the head if the formation (squad leaders).

 

 

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