The Purpose of Drill:
--To move a unit from one place to another in a standard, orderly manner.
In other words, moving an element from point A to point B.
--To teach discipline by developing habits of precision and automatic response
--To increase the confidence of junior officers and NCOs through the exercise of command,
by the giving of proper commands and by control of drilling troops.
--To give troops an opportunity to handle individual weapons.
Element--an individual, squad, platoon, company, or other unit which is
part of a larger unit
Formation--the arrangement of elements of a unit in line or column
formation; the two types of formations are the only formations used in the USMCJROTC program.
Line--a formation in which the elements are placed on each other in a line
(aligned with the squad leader).
Column--a formation in which the elements are placed one behind the other
(covered behind the squad leader).
Rank--an element of a line formation; a line of cadets, side by side.
File--an element of column formation; a column of cadets, one behind the
Depth--the distance from head to the rear of an element or formation (The
depth of a cadet is about 12 inches).
Front--the space occupied by an element or a formation, measured from one
flank to the other.
Distance--the distance from back to chest should always be 40 inches
("an arm and a cover[or six inches]").
Interval--the space between elements(Cadets) on the same line; normal interval
is one arm's length frm shoulder to shoulder; close interval is an elbow measured with the left hand on the left hip.
Alignment--the dressing of several elements in a straight line.
Base--the element on which movement is regulated.
Guide--the individual, or base, that a formation of elements align to.
To guide: to regulate interval, direction, or alignment; to regulate cadence on the base file.
Center--the middle of point or element of a unit.
Head--the leading element of a column
Pace--the length of a full step at quick time-30 inches.
Step--the distance from heel to heel between the feet of a marching cadet.
at half step & back step-15 inches
at right & left steps-12 inches
at quick time-30 inches
at double time-36 inches
Cadence--the rhythmic rate of march at a uniform step.
Quick Time--the normal cadence for drill and ceremonies at 120 steps
Double Time--cadence at 180 steps per minute.
Piece--an individual firearm, such as a rifle, carbine, or automatic rifle.
Snap--a motivating quality of commands or signals that gets a quick reaction;
a quick and precise execution of a movement in drill.