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John F. Kennedy MCJROTC

Introduction to Drill

Upcoming Events
The Marines Hymn
Military Courtesy
General Orders
Chain of Command
Appearance Regulations
Uniform Care & Regulations
Service and Dress Uniforms
Physical Fitness Test
Marine/Navy Terms
Introduction to Drill
Basic Drill
Marching Commands
Universal Time
MCJROTC Enlisted Rank Insignia
MCJROTC Officer Insignia
Marine Corps Enlisted Grade Insignia
Marine Corps Officer Grade Insignia
Placement of Collar Insignia
Placement of Ribbions and Awards
Leadership Traits
Leadership Principles
Leadership Styles
Role of NCOs
Things to Remember
Suggestion Page

The Purpose of Drill:
--To move a unit from one place to another in a standard, orderly manner. In other words, moving an element from point A to point B.
--To teach discipline by developing habits of precision and automatic response to orders.
--To increase the confidence of junior officers and NCOs through the exercise of command, by the giving of proper commands and by control of drilling troops.
--To give troops an opportunity to handle individual weapons.
Drill Terms:
Element--an individual, squad, platoon, company, or other unit which is part of a larger unit
Formation--the arrangement of elements of a unit in line or column formation; the two types of formations are the only formations used in the USMCJROTC program.
Line--a formation in which the elements are placed on each other in a line (aligned with the squad leader).
Column--a formation in which the elements are placed one behind the other (covered behind the squad leader).
Rank--an element of a line formation; a line of cadets, side by side.
File--an element of column formation; a column of cadets, one behind the other.
Depth--the distance from head to the rear of an element or formation (The depth of a cadet is about 12 inches).
Front--the space occupied by an element or a formation, measured from one flank to the other.
Distance--the distance from back to chest should always be 40 inches ("an arm and a cover[or six inches]").
Interval--the space between elements(Cadets) on the same line; normal interval is one arm's length frm shoulder to shoulder; close interval is an elbow measured with the left hand on the left hip.
Alignment--the dressing of several elements in a straight line.
Base--the element on which movement is regulated.
Guide--the individual, or base, that a formation of elements align to. To guide: to regulate interval, direction, or alignment; to regulate cadence on the base file.
Center--the middle of point or element of a unit.
Head--the leading element of a column
Pace--the length of a full step at quick time-30 inches.
Step--the distance from heel to heel between the feet of a marching cadet.
     at half step & back step-15 inches
     at right & left steps-12 inches
     at quick time-30 inches
     at double time-36 inches
Cadence--the rhythmic rate of march at a uniform step.
Quick Time--the normal cadence for drill and ceremonies at 120 steps per minute.
Double Time--cadence at 180 steps per minute.
Piece--an individual firearm, such as a rifle, carbine, or automatic rifle.
Snap--a motivating quality of commands or signals that gets a quick reaction; a quick and precise execution of a movement in drill.

--The two types of commands are the preparatory command (the part if a command given before a movement is made) and the command of execution (the second part if a comand that is given when a movement is to be made).
--The preparatory command should start as the normal level of talking voice and become louder. (Stressing vowels helps.)
--The command of execution should have a higher pitch and be delivered with a snap so that it will be a quick & sharp response.
--In combined commands, the prepatory command and command of execution are combined. They should be delivered as a command of execution. There are three: FALL IN, AT EASE, and REST.
--Only two commands use unit designation (for a detail, squad, platoon, company, etc.) are ATTENTION and HALT.
General Rules
--AS YOU WERE cancels a movement that was started but not completed. Troops response by continuing what the were doing before the previous command was given.
--A change of direction of a column formation can only be made with the head if the formation (squad leaders).