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John F. Kennedy MCJROTC

Basic Drill

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The General Rules of Drill
     While marching, guide is always maintained twoard the right. Upon command, GUIDE LEFT or GUIDE CENTER guide is maintained toward the left ir center until another command reestablishes the direction of alignment.
     Regardless of the direction in which alignment is established, at the command of execution for a drill movement involving marching, the direction toward which alignment is obtained is the flank toward which the movement is made. After the movement is completed, alignment will resume to be in the direction that it was before the movement was made.
     Slight changes in direction are made by adding "half" to the prepatory command for turning or column movements. For example, COLUMN HALF RIGHT turns 45 instead of 90 degrees to the right. To change direction less than 45 degrees, use INCLINE TO THE RIGHT or INCLINE TO THE LEFT.
     Cadets in a squad are numbered from right to left in line formation, and from front to back in column formation. Squads in a platoon are numbered from front to rear in line formation, and from left to right in column formation.
     Whenever drill movements are execution while cadets are marching, the command of execution (MARCH) is given as the left foot strikes the deck if the movement is to the left;and as the right foot strikes the deck if the movement is to the right.
 
Individual Movements
     It is very important that the individual drill movements are mastered by each cadet. The key to precision drill is the manner in which the cadets performtheir individual movements. There is an impressive effect created when every cadet in the unit makes the movements sharply and precisely. It also reflects favorably on the teamwork, confidence, pride, and espirit of the unit.
 
POSITIONS
ATTENTION-- The position of attention is the basic military position. It indicates that you are alert and ready for instructions. At the commands FALL IN or ATTENTION come to attention with smartness. Thereafter , move only as ordered unitl the given commands, AT EASE, REST, FALL OUT, or DISMISSED.
1. Your heels should be together and online
2. Your feet should be seperated equally at a 45 degree angle.
3. Your legs should be straight, with your knees slightly bent.
4. Your hips and shoulder should remain level with your chest out.
5. Your arms hang naturally at your side. Your hands are a natural curl, palms facing inward, and thumps along the seams of your trousers.
6. Keeps ypur head and body erect. Look straight ahead. Keep your mouth closed and your chin pulled in slightly.
7. There is absolutely no talking or moving at the position of attention.
Rest Positions--There are four  positions of rest: PARADE REST, AT EASE, REST, and FALL OUT. All of these commands are executed from the position of attention.
  PADADE REST--The command PARADE REST is executed in one count. At the command REST move your left foot smartly 12 inches to the left. Both legs should be straight so your weight rests equally on each foot. At the same time, join your hands behind your back with your right hand loosely holding the left thumb, fingers extended and joined. Do not move and do not talk! Hold your head and eyes at the position of attention.
  AT EASE--The command AT EASE is extended in one count. At the command, move to the position of parade rest. You are allowed to move and adjust, but not to talk. You must not move your right foot. When this command is given when you are not in ranks, it means cease talking but continue what you are doing.
  REST--The command REST is executed in one count. This command is the same as at ease, except talking is permitted.
  FALL OUT--At the command FALL OUT, immediately leave your position in ranks, but remain nearby. When FALL IN is given go back to your place in ranks and come to attention.
EYES RIGHT--The commands EYES RIGHT or EYES LEFT may be given at a halt or while marching. At the command, turn your head 45 degrees to the right or to the left. At the command READY FRONT, turn your head and eyes back sharply to the front.
     During reviews at which the reviewing officer troops the line, READY FRONT will not be be given after EYES RIGHT. At such ceremonies, turn your head and eyes smartly toward the reviewing officer upon the command RIGHT. As the officer passes to the left, follow the reviewing officer with your head and eyes until you are looking directly to the front.
FACING MOVEMENTS
     Facing movements are executed in the cadence of quick time. While facing, your arms should not swingout from your sides, but remain in place with your thumbs along the seams of your trousers/skirt.
RIGHT FACE--This command is executed in two counts. In the first movement, raise your left heel and right toe slightly, and turn 90 degrees to the right on your right heel and toe. In the second movement, move the left foot up to the right so that you are at the proper position of attention.
LEFT FACE--This command is the same as RIGHT FACE, except it is executed in the opposite direction.
ABOUT FACE--The ABOUT FACE is executed in two counts.
At the command FACE, extend your right toe half a foot's length behind and slightly to the left of your heel. Do not change the position of your left foot, or bend your right knee. Rest most of your weight on the left heel. Turn smartly to the right 180 degrees. This turn made on the left heel and the ball of the right foot. If your right toe is placed properly in the beginning, your heels should be together when the turn is completed.
 
HAND SALUTE
     The hand salute is rendered to honor the National Flag and as a greeting between officers and suborinates. You may salute while standing, walking, or while seated in a vehicle. When walking it is not nessecary to halt to salute. The salute is rendered when the person or flag is 6 paces distant or at the nearest point of approach if it is greater than 6 paces. The salute shall not be rendered if the person or flag does not approach within 30 paces. Hold the salute until it has been rendered or until the flag is six paces past. The hand salute is executed in one count.
     1. Raise the right hand smartly until the tip of the right forefinger touches the lower part of the coveror forehead slightly to the right of the eye. 
     2. The upper arm is parallel to the deck and the lower is inclined at 45 degrees.
     3. The hand and wrist are straight and the thumb and fingeres are extended and joined palm down.
     4. The head and eyes are turned in the direction of the person or flag you are saluting
     5. The salute is completed by returning the hand smartly to its normal position at the side.
 
     If you are not armed with a shoulder weapon, you will render the hand salute on the command PRESENT ARMS. Hold the salute until the command ORDER ARMS. is given.
     The hand salute is only rendered by cadets in areas where they should have thier covers on. However, when cadets are armed, they will remain covered and will render salute at all appropriate times, indoors and out.
     Cadets in uniform will render the hand salute at public gatherings during the playing of the National Anthem, To the Color, and the Marine Corps Hymn. If the flag is not visible you will face in the direction of the music.
 
STEPS AND MARCHING
     Wit hthe exception of right step, all steps and marchings beginning from the halt start from the left foot. The leader indicates the proper rhythym by counting cadence. To change direction of the march, the command of execution is given as the foot in the desired direction of the turn strikes the deck.
QUICK TIME--If at halt, the command to march foward at quick time is FOWARD MARCH. On FOWARD, shift your weight to the right leg without any noticable movement. On MARCH, step off smartly with your left foot, and walk straight ahead with 30 inch steps. Swing your arms easily in their natural arcs, 6 inches to the front and 3 inches to the rear. Do not overdo movements and do not march stiffly.
DOUBLE TIME--DOUBLE TIME MARCH may be given at a halt, while marching at quick time, or while marching in place. MARCH may be given as either foot hits the deck.
     When halted: At the command of DOUBLE TIME, shift your weight to your right leg without noticable movement. On MARCH, raise your forearms until level with the deck, make fists with the knuckles out, and step off with the left foot. Begin an easy run, taking 180 36-inch steps per minute.
     When marching at quick time: When the command MARCH is given, take one more 30 inch step, then step off in double time. To resume quick time, the command is QUICK TIME MARCH.

 

 

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